The incident for which he got the penalty happened in Q1. Lando Norris was on a fast lap when Mazepin also tried to start his fast lap in turn 15. As a result, there was a small collision between the Briton and the Russian.
This incident resulted in Mazepin getting an additional penalty point. So after 4 races, he has 2 penalty points. After reaching 12 penalty points in a season, a race ban is inflicted.
He would also have received a grid penalty. But this does not change his starting position, because as he’s starting 20th he is not allowed to start further back.
The stewards called Mazepin, Norris, and team representatives together and questioned everyone, and also looked at the incident from several angles. After that, the decision was made:
“During the Qualifying 1 session, Mazepin was setting up for a fast lap,” read a statement from the stewards. “As he approached turns 10 and 11 Mazepin was informed that Norris was closing on a fast lap behind him and was informed of the closing gap all the way through to the incident.
“Mazepin then slowed to maintain the gap to Schumacher ahead of him with both setting up for their fast laps. Between turn 13 and 14, Raikkonen and Tsunoda, who were coming into the pits, jumped ahead of Mazepin. Both cars had also been informed of the fast closing Norris, and it is clear that they did this to get out of Norris’ way. However, this created a difficult situation for Mazepin.
“The Stewards determined that having been clearly informed of Norris’ whereabouts, Mazepin’s decision to pull out and re-pass Raikkonen and Tsunoda clearly impeded Norris, who lost significant time.
“The Stewards recognize that this sequence of corners creates a special challenge to the drivers in qualifying and that Mazepin was faced with a difficult situation. This was also pointed out by Norris in the hearing. However, had Mazepin waited for Norris to pass, he could have pulled out and followed Norris and the Stewards determined this opportunity was available to him without significantly compromising his next lap.”